Carrer Scope in Education & Counseling Services
Education and skill development has a major role to play for growth in a countries economic & demographic dividend. According to a report by Economics division of Ministry of Finance, by the year 2014-15 Indian Education sector is termed to increase to Rs 602,410 crore (US$ 95.80 billion) with quality education as strong trait, according to a report by India Ratings. The private education sector is estimated to reach US$ 70 billion by 2013 and US$ 115 billion by 2018, according to a consulting firm Technopak.
In the FY year 2013-14 government had spent 4.6% of its GDP in education sector. Taking importance of education and skill development in prior consideration and to double the GER in next eight years, the Government of India has set itself an aggressive target of achieving 30 per cent gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education by 2020.
Foreseeing an increase in the pace of growth of education sector in India, many alliances and acquisitions are looked upon by many private companies. Variably core investments are being seen in the areas of pre-schools, private coaching and tutoring, teacher training, development and provision of multimedia content, educational software development, skill enhancement, IT training and e-learning.
According to GE’s Annual Global Innovative Barometer, India has been ranked as the world’s sixth most ‘innovative’ country.DrManmohan Singh, Ex- Prime Minister of India, urged the country’s private sector and industry to invest in enhancing education and research in the country, as India looks to increase its gross enrolment ratio to 30 per cent by 2020. The government is currently in the midst of rolling out the RashtriyaUchchatarShikshaAbhiyan (RUSA) which will create 278 new universities and 388 new colleges in addition to converting 266 colleges to model degree colleges by the end of the 13th Five Year Plan (2017-22).According to a report ‘Education in India: Securing the demographic dividend’, published by Grant Thornton, the primary and secondary education, or K-12 sector is expected to reach US$ 50 billion in 2015 from US$ 24.5 billion in 2008, growing at an estimated compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14 per cent.
Further, according to the report ’40 million by 2020: Preparing for a new paradigm in Indian Higher Education’ released by Ernst & Young, the higher education sector in India is expected to witness a growth of 18 per cent CAGR till 2020. At present, the sector witnesses spends of more than Rs 46,200 crore (US$ 7.68 billion), which is estimated to grow over Rs 232,500 crore (US$ 38.69 billion) in 10 years.
According to a Goldman Sachs report — ‘India’s Rising Labor Force’ — around 100 million people from India are projected to join the global workforce by 2020. With 50% of its population below the age of 25 and more than 65% hovering below the age of 35, India seems to be poised to reap a demographic dividend. An editorial in the Deccan Chronicle in October 2012 pointed out that the Twelfth Plan is crucial to realising the so-called demographic dividend available to India by 2020: i.e., a population with an average age of 29 compared with 37 and 38 for China and the United States, respectively. But then, if young Indians are to meaningfully participate in the economy and contribute to growth, they need a reformed system. “It is imperative to improve the quality of teaching in schools,” the editorial argued.
Research & development
Along with US and China, India is poised to be third largest economy, to play a leading and important role in global economy.
Research is the keystone for widening India’s production potential and universities must be the hotbeds of research activity, said MrPranab Mukherjee, President of India.
The services sector which includes research and development (R&D), testing and analysis besides other related segments attracted foreign direct investments (FDI) worth US$ 39,039 million between April 2000 to January 2014, an increase of 18 per cent to the total FDI inflows in terms of US$ , according to data published by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
As per an article in Times of India, Hyderabad edition: ‘The secondary education department is expected to issue a government order making counselling centres manned by clinical psychologists mandatory in government and private schools.
As per an article by GaureeMalkarnekar published in The Times of India, Goa edition: ‘The career counselling needs of students will now be taken care of in their schools itself. Training shall be provided to one teacher each in all the government and government aided schools by the ‘Goa Education Development Corporation (GEDC)’ who will in turn give guidance to the students about the courses of their interests and the institutes offering them in Goa and across the country.
As per an article by PreetuVenugopalan Nair in Timesofindia / Education, Kochi edition: i. ‘As per a decision taken by the ‘Board of Governors’ of ‘KendriyaVidyalayaSangathan’, the secondary and senior secondary classes of all the Central Schools shall be equipped with an education counsellor. The counsellors shall have the responsibility of dealing with low achieving, under achieving and high achieving
students apart from counselling students to face examinations without fear and help to instill in the students skills related to study habits, time management, communication skills and stress management. ii. As per a principal of a KendriyaVidyalaya “Conducting class surveys to know the career choice of students and providing career guidance to students based on the results of an aptitude test and interest inventory is another major work that has been assigned to the counsellor.” iii. It shall also be the responsibility of the counsellors to organise career related conferences and exhibitions, programmes entitled “meet the professional” and to set up “career guidance corners” in schools. iv. Group guidance activities shall be carried out at least once a week. v. As per the circular, individual counselling too may be taken up by the teachers as far as possible.
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