A Descriptive Investigation On Education Planning And Its Impact On National And Regional Development ## Part1
Education, especially at the basic level, is strongly and significantly considered as a substantially king-size key to the attainment of national and, in its broad sense, regional development. It empowers people, strengthens nations and promotes economic growth, national productivity and innovation, and also values of democracy and social cohesion. Investment in education benefits not only the individual and society but also the world as a whole. It has a direct and proven impact on the goals related reproductive health and also environmental sustainability.
Broad-based education of good quality is among the most powerful instruments known to reduce poverty and inequality. With proven benefits for personal health, it also strengthens nations’ economic health by laying the foundation for sustained economic growth. For individuals and nations, it is key to creating, applying and spreading knowledge __ and thus to the development of dynamic, globally competitive economies. And it is fundamental for the construction of democratic societies.
Keywords: education, national and regional development, economy, society
First, I must present the orientation against which I wish to peg my paper. I believe that EDUCATION is a lifelong process with identifiable bus stops or milestones. In education, the journey is as important as the destination and there can be no “End of the Affair” without “The Heart of the Matter”.
Advancement and application of knowledge increases both the economic and social development globally. Education in general and high level of schooling in particular, is fundamental to the construction of a knowledge economy and society in all nations. Despite this, problems of finance, equity, quality, efficiency and governance in higher institutions which provide these services are some of the difficulties in attaining higher level of education.
Most educational institutions have been subjected to underfunding by the government which resulted in declining level of educational output. For this reason, public policies on education must take the needs of the country in terms of developing human capital into full account, since there are limited resources for developmental growth.
Education is means of enriching individuals’ knowledge, develop their full personality and also prepare them to perform functions that are essential in transforming their society, therefore, education can be considered as a consumer good and capital good as well.
Investment in human capital is essential in order to increase employability, economic prosperity and social welfare. It is important to give priority to the development of human capital in order to cope with the present and future challenges, the best means to achieve this is through education but, enough resources have to be allocated to this sector of the economy in other existing resources and a large appeal to private investment, the utilization of these resources must be maximized to ensure that both individuals and the nation at large benefit from it. This indicates the reason for a better use of research findings for educative policies.
Values education and national development
The concept of national development (economic, political and social) is said to bring with it valuable and positive changes that improve the living standards of the people, as it creates employment opportunities and equality of opportunity and also reduces poverty, among other things. “Education values” involves educating for character and for good moral values. It is the teaching of respect, responsibility and accountability (and other values) to the citizens for good character development and for the health of the nation.
I strongly believe that respect and responsibility are the two fundamental “moral values” that a society should teach its citizens. Other values are honesty, fairness, tolerance, prudence, self-discipline, helpfulness, compassion, cooperation, courage and other democratic values. However, rule of law, equality of opportunity, due process, representative government, checks and balances and democratic decision-making are “procedural values” that define democracy. All these would enable the people to create a viable humane society and to act “respectfully and accountably”. Thus taking responsibility for the things we do wrong as well as the things we do right is the way to move the society forwards. Accountability matters!
Nevertheless, morality would not be important to the youth if it does not matter to adults. The youths need inspiring role models who make positive contributions to their communities because many of them that are “ethically illiterate” are growing up not knowing that without good moral upbringing of the youths today the nation may not produce enough good leaders to manage its affairs tomorrow.
Experts in “moral education” believe that “moral development” promotes critical thinking and moral reasoning, which positively impacts national development. “Moral education” or “values moral education” is essential for the success of a democratic society. “Because the people must possess the appropriate character to build a free and just society and the moral foundations to make democracy thrive in the society where it had never been cultivated.
I personally believe that good character and “loyalty to these democratic virtues must be instilled in the people at an early age. Good character as “as the life of right conduct in relation to other persons and in relation to oneself. Therefore, good character includes knowing what is good , desiring what is good and doing what is good. Other attributes of a good character include respect for the rights of others, regard for the law of the land, taking responsibility for one’s actions in public and private life concerning the common good. These virtues are necessary for leading a moral life of the individuals and also for the health of the nation and, therefore, “strong personal character should manifest itself in rendering service to organizations and communities.
However, the leaders should understand that “values education” does not occur in a vacuum – the leaders must plan it. The challenge for the political leaders is to confront the country’s problems with innovative ideas and include “values education” (teaching of respect and responsibility along with accountability and other democratic values) in the nation’s school curricula for good character development and sustainable national development.
I see education as the process through which individuals are presented with a number of experiences to make them acquire relevant knowledge and skills that will make them useful to themselves and their individual communities. Thus, it is a contradiction in terms to refer to a person as an “educated thief” or an “educated liar” etc. If you are educated, you cannot be a liar, or a thief, or a fraud.